Tuesday, September 19, 2006

Women in science again   posted by the @ 9/19/2006 01:18:00 AM

Broad National Effort Urgently Needed To Maximize Potential of Women Scientists and Engineers in Academia
Studies have not found any significant biological differences between men and women in performing science and mathematics that can account for the lower representation of women in academic faculty and leadership positions in S&T fields.

Authors: 17 women (e.g. Elizabeth Spelke), 1 man

Their explanation:
a pattern of unconscious but pervasive bias, "arbitrary and subjective" evaluation processes and a work environment in which "anyone lacking the work and family support traditionally provided by a 'wife' is at a serious disadvantage."

That must explain why bachelor scientists are less productive than their married counterparts, no? Oh, wait...

Bias must also explain why the same systematic differences in male : female ratios by discipline is found in Asian : White comparisons:
The ratio of Asian to White in 45 academic disciplines correlated .09 with mean Verbal GRE of discipline, .79 with Quantitative GRE, .58 with Analytical GRE, .62 with Verbal + Quantitative + Analytical GRE, and .75 with Quantitative − Verbal GRE. The respective correlations of ratio of males to females in discipline were .12, .83, .61, .66, and .77. The rho between the two sets of correlations is 1.00 (p < .01.) The rank order Asian/White and male/female correlation with GRE mean were also similar, and the rho between these sets of correlations is .90 (p < .05). This correlation is congruent with the contention of Lynn (1987) that the structure of Mongoloid intelligence is to the structure of Caucasoid intelligence as the structure of male intelligence is to the structure of female intelligence.